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掌握这些西餐礼仪,教你做一名优雅的“吃货”

来源::未知 | 作者:礼仪培训助理 | 本文 已影响
掌握这些西餐礼仪,教你做一名优雅的“吃货”
 
西餐与中餐存在着本质的不同,如果不了解西餐就餐时的礼仪,恐怕会闹不少笑话。西餐提供两种体验,享受美食与社交。用餐时的酒菜搭配,优雅的用餐礼仪以及正确的使用餐具酒具都是享受美食的先修课。英孚教育职资深职场导师Annie,精心总结了3种实用方法,帮助你学习掌握西餐礼仪,自信大方地展示出你的良好修养。
 
1.In Western restaurants, formal meals have 7 courses. But you don’t need to order all 7 courses because it is an improper behavior if you order too much and don’t finish. There are some impolite behaviors like talking about business during the meal, eating too slowly, only ordering an appetizer instead of a main dish and so on. Normally you can order an appetizer, main dish and a dessert which is the best choice.
 
在西餐厅,正式的全套餐点上菜顺序分为七步,但是并没有必要全部都点,如果点太多吃不完反而是失礼的行为。不要在餐桌上大谈生意,吃的太慢会影响下一道上菜的时间,只点开胃菜不点主菜等都是不礼貌的行为,正常情况下前菜、主菜加甜点是最恰当的组合。
 
掌握这些西餐礼仪,教你做一名优雅的“吃货”
 
2.Generally speaking, certain courses should be paired with certain wines. For example, red meat demands a red wine, white meat suits a white wine, while sweet wine matches desserts. Red meat is heavy so you can choose red wine with heavier meals. White meat has a light flavor which can be paired with white wine. Due to different cooking styles, it’s better to choose different drinks. For example, if the dish is heavy and spicy, you can choose stronger and heavier red wine. If you order both red wine and white wine, you should follow the principle of eating fish first then meat.
 
餐酒搭配是一门复杂的艺术,基本原则是红酒配红肉,白酒配白肉,甜酒配甜食,地菜配地酒。红肉味重,可以选择味道重些的红葡萄酒,白肉味淡,通常选择白葡萄酒比较合拍。当然由于菜肴不同的做法可以搭配不同的酒水,香气重的、口味辛辣的自然可以相配浓重粗旷、浓一点的红葡萄酒才能支撑大局。如果同时点了红白葡萄酒,应遵循先鱼后肉的原则。
 
 
3. Normally, westerners use knives and forks to eat, which is totally different from Chinese. During the meal, if you need to leave the table for a minute, you should put down the knife and fork on both sides of the plate. Avoid taking the napkin to wipe your month while the other hand is still holding the knife or fork. It is also impolite to take food with one hand while the other hand is holding a glass of wine. Remember, at any time, don’t put one side of your knife/fork on the plate while the other side is on the table.If you have finished your meal, you should put the knife and fork side by side on the plate to show that the plate can be removed.
 
西方人在进餐时一般使用刀和叉,进餐中,放下刀叉应摆成八字,分别放于餐盘两侧,切忌一手持刀或叉,一手拿餐巾擦嘴,也不要一手拿酒杯,一手拿叉取菜。任何时候,不要将刀叉的一端放在盘上,另一端放在桌上,将刀叉平行放置于餐盘中表示用餐完毕。
 
EG. Sasa is a PR manager of a famous foreign trade company. In order to cater to clients from different countries, she always learns about manners for a formal western dinner like matters needing attention and some taboos in different cultures. By learning western etiquette, she avoids inappropriatebehaviors such as ordering the wrong drinks or improper usage of knife and fork. Her graceful behavior at important occasions has gained respect and love from clients in different countries. Throughout time, Sasa built up good relationships with hundreds of clients and earned lots of profits for the company.
 
例子:Sasa是某著名外贸公司的公关部经理,为了迎合不同国家的客户,她总是在工作之余学习西餐礼仪,掌握各国用餐时的注意事项以及禁忌,以避免在餐桌上闹出酒水搭配错误、刀叉使用不当的笑话。正是因为她在西餐重要场合中优雅得体的表现,Sasa深受不同国家客人的尊重与喜爱。久而久之,Sasa手头上掌握了上百个重要客户。

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